Periodic Table of the Elements: Sodium

Name: Sodium
Symbol: Na
Atomic Number: 11
Atomic Mass: 22.9898
Atomic Volume: 23.80 cc/mol
Discovered By: First isolated by Sir Humphrey Davy in 1807
Discovery Date: 1807
Origin of Name: Sodium - (English) soda, (Latin) sodanum (headache remedy), the symbol Na comes from Natrium (Latin)
Toxicity: Not toxic. Compounds are not toxic. Sodium hydroxide and sodium salts of weak acids (which, on hydrolysis, behave as alkalis) attack the skin.
Summary: Sodium is not found as the free element in Nature. Sodium floats on water and reacts violently with it, possibly igniting. It reacts with water to form hydrogen gas (H 2 ) and sodium hydroxide (NaOH). The most common compound of sodium is sodium chloride, NaCl, common table salt.


back to table

HHe
LiBeBCNOFNe
NaMgAlSiPSClAr
KCaScTiVCrMnFeCoNiCuZnGaGeAsSeBrKr
RbSrYZrNbMoTcRuRhPdAgCdInSnSbTeIXe
CsBaLaCePrNdPmSmEuGdTbDyHoErTmYbLuHfTaWReOsIrPtAuHgTlPbBiPoAtRn
FrRaAcThPaUNpPuAmCmBkCfEsFmMdNoLr

© Copyright 1998 David August